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被告、原告拒不到庭的法律后果

发布时间:2019-01-18 16:14
根据民事诉讼法第130条规定,被告经人民法院传票传唤,无正当理由拒不到庭的,或者未经法庭许可中途退庭的,可以缺席判决。
 
According to Article 130 of the Civil Procedure Law, if the defendant, summoned by a people's court, refuses to appear in court without justified reasons, or withdraws from court without the permission of the court, he may make a judgment by default.
 
根据民事诉讼法第129条规定,原告经人民法院传票传唤,无正当理由拒不到庭的,或者未经法庭许可中途退庭的,可按撤诉处理;被告反诉的,可以缺席判决。
 
According to the provisions of Article 129 of the Civil Procedure Law, if the plaintiff refuses to appear in court without justifiable reasons, or withdraws from court without the permission of the court, he may withdraw the lawsuit; if the defendant counterclaims, he may decide by default.
 
 
 
根据民事诉讼法第129条、第130条的规定精神,对于法定代理人和第三人,经法院传票传唤,无正当理由拒不到庭的,同样可以缺席判决。
 
According to the spirit of Article 129 and Article 130 of the Civil Procedure Law, if a legal agent or a third person is summoned by a court and refuses to appear in court without justified reasons, he may also make a judgment by default.
 
 
 
人民法院开庭审理案件时,如果遇到有一方当事人拒不到庭的情况,可以仅就到庭的另一方当事人进行询问、核对证据、听取意见。经审查核实未到庭一方当事人提出的起诉状或者答辩状和证据,在查清全部案件事实的情况下,可以依法做出缺席判决。
 
When the people's court hears a case, if one party refuses to appear in court, it may only inquire, check the evidence and listen to the opinions of the other party present in court. After examination and verification, the indictment or defense and evidence submitted by a party who has not yet appeared in court may make a default judgment in accordance with the law when all the facts of the case are ascertained.
 
 
 
缺席判决同样具有法律效力。
 
The default judgment has the same legal effect.
 
 
 
所以要提醒原告和被告一定要以积极的态度参加法庭审理,否则可能承担不利的法律后果。
 
Therefore, we should remind the plaintiff and the defendant to participate in the court trial with a positive attitude, otherwise they may bear adverse legal consequences.

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